7 elements of newborn care
The day of conceiving in October is finally over. The baby that once made you want to come down like an angel is so soft and tender, how can you love and cherish it?
How to make your unique baby grow up healthy and happy?
These are learning.
”Neonatal period” is the period of adaptation from mother to external life. The organs of the newborn are mature and have low immune function, poor temperature regulation and easy infection. The care must be careful, scientific and reasonable.
Let me tell you from the following aspects: First, the temperature and light of the newborn are a little uncomfortable with the changes in the external temperature difference. Is the indoor temperature suitable to be maintained at 25?
28 ° C.
Midsummer should be properly cooled.
The light in the room should not be too dark or too bright. Some parents think that the newborn is weak and they like to hang heavy curtains. In fact, this is not appropriate. Let the baby learn to adapt in natural indoor light and avoid direct sunlight.
Second, sleep and sleeping position Sleeping position affects breathing, and the newborn’s head is relatively soft, a good sleeping position is conducive to the development of the skull.
Suggest a comfortable one with a thickness of 1?
A small pillow of 2 cm, slightly sunken in the middle, and slightly raised at both ends.
The best sleeping position is supine or side lying, which compresses the chest and lungs. It is recommended to take more side sleeping after supplementation to avoid choking caused by milk overflow or coughing. When taking the supine position, the body position should be changed frequently.The activity is reduced. You can take a prone position in the first few days of birth to facilitate the secretion of respiratory secretions and prevent the vomit from flowing down the intake pipe.
Newborns usually sleep 18 a day?
20 hours, but the baby under the full moon should not sleep for a long time, parents should be every 2?
Wake up every 3 hours for easy replacement.
Third, look at the health status of baby stools The frequency and nature of baby stools often reflect the health and pathological status of the dialysis tract, so it is extremely important to observe or inspect the baby stools.
Fetal stools: The fetal stools that are excreted within 3 days of birth are viscous, dark green or dark green, and odorless. If sufficient, 2?
On the 3rd, it turned into normal baby stool.
Feces of breast-fed infants: The feces of breast-fed infants are yellow, yellow-green, or golden-yellow, uniformly pasty, or with yellow fecal particles (slightly small pieces), sour and non-smell, and less defecation.
Feces of artificially fed children: The feces are light yellow or grayish yellow, relatively dry and thick, and the smell is obvious.
If the stool is watery, it may be a pathological condition.
If the odor is strong, it means that the protein is not digested by the child. If the fecal foam is replaced, it means that the baby has indigestion of sugar or too much sugar in the milk, and the fermentation is more vigorous.
Feces of mixed food children: If infants who are fed with breast milk or milk powder add starchy foods at the same time, the stool may increase, the consistency slightly decreases, the color will be dark green, and the odor will increase; if they eat vegetables and fruits, the appearance of stool will be similar to that of adult stools.
The color of stool is abnormal: green stool is excreted and the number of stools is increased, which means that bowel movement is increased.
If the white stool is discharged, the baby is often prompted that the biliary tract is blocked, and the bile can not be discharged into the intestine. If the skin is yellow, you should seek medical treatment in time.
When do four newborns start breastfeeding?
It was previously recognized that women and newborn babies can get adequate rest, so normal babies are required to be 6-12 hours after birth, and premature babies are even later.
People now realize that this statement is one-sided and is not conducive to the health of children. Late-feeding newborns have more severe jaundice, some have hypoglycemia, cause brain damage, and some have dehydration fever.
And many Chinese and foreign psychologists have found that the first hour after birth is a sensitive period, and the sucking reflex is the strongest in 20-30 minutes after birth.
If you do not get a sucking experience at this time, it will affect the sucking ability in the future; experts also believe that the earlier and longer the contact time between mother and child after birth, the deeper the relationship between mother and child, and the better the baby’s psychological development.
Therefore, the consensus is that the newborn should start to suck on the mother’s chest within one hour after birth.
Therefore, children should eat breast milk as soon as possible after birth.
Fifth, pay attention to protect the umbilical cord. Do not open the bandage bandage of the umbilical cord casually. Keep the bandage dry and clean. If you find any blood leakage, please ask medical staff to re-bandage.
6. Pay attention to the cleanliness and hygiene of the newborn baby. There is a layer of fetal fat on the surface of the newborn. It has the effect of resisting cold and lubricating the skin. Do not rush to wash it off.
After 2 days, the fetal fat is absorbed.
Wipe the newborn from top to bottom. After washing, apply cooked edible oil to the armpits and skin folds.
After the umbilical cord is discharged, the baby can be bathed. The temperature of the water should not be too hot.
Should try to 1 before feeding?
Take a bath for 2 hours and prevent water droplets from entering the ear canal.
Baby clothes and diapers should be soft and hygienic, and washed and changed frequently. Do not use laundry detergent, soap and other laundry.
Seven, pay attention to the health of family members and children contact more family members, their physical health or not, is important to the health of the baby.
People with tuberculosis, hepatitis, dysentery and other infectious diseases should not contact infants to avoid transmission.